What is FOGO? Why is the City of Bayswater moving to FOGO?
FOGO stands for Food Organics Garden Organics and refers to the weekly collection and processing of food scraps and organic garden material.
Right now, we have a lime green lid GO (garden organics) kerbside bin for in the City of Bayswater for garden waste only. Once FOGO starts, you will be able to place FO (food organics) in your lime green lid bin along with your garden waste. The contents of your lime green lid FOGO bin will be turned into nutrient-rich compost.
When will FOGO start?
The less we send to landfill, the better for our environment. Right now, as much 50% of what we throw in our red lid general waste bin is organic material that ends up in landfill. Under the FOGO system, we can divert this material from landfill and turn it into nutrient-rich compost which can be used on farms and gardens.
FOGO has been identified as the preferred waste management approach by the State Government and all local governments in the Perth and Peel region will move to a FOGO system by 2025. The City's early adoption of FOGO is part of our ongoing commitment to reducing waste and mitigating our contribution to climate change.
Who will get a FOGO service?
The City’s Food Organics Garden Organics (FOGO) waste system will be delayed during the COVID-19 pandemic to ensure sufficient community education can take place. Council is still committed to FOGO and will consider a new start date by the end of July.
Will my bin collection days change?
If you already have a lime green lid GO (garden organics) bin for green waste, you will move to FOGO. This includes single houses and grouped dwellings or villas that have an existing kerbside collection.
If you live in a multi-unit development like a townhouse, apartment or unit with a shared onsite bulk bin collection, your FOGO service will be rolled out in the second phase. The City will contact strata managers and caretakers of multi-unit developments to assess their waste management requirements and work with them on a case-by-case basis to roll out FOGO.
Will my other bins stay the same?
When FOGO starts, your bins will be collected:
- FOGO bin (lime green lid): weekly
- General waste bin (red lid): fortnightly
- Recycling bin (yellow lid): fortnightly.
How much will the FOGO service cost me?
Yes, all three bins will stay the same 240 litre size.
To ensure residents still have enough space for their general waste, the 240 litre red lid general waste bin will not be downsized to a 140 litre bin.
What can go in the FOGO bin?
There will be an initial cost of around $10 per household for the rollout of FOGO. This charge will be added to your waste service fee on your 2020-21 rates notice.
What can’t go in the FOGO bin?
Your FOGO bin will be for food organics and garden organics. If it didn’t live or grow, it's not FOGO.
The FOGO waste bin (lime green lid) will take all food organics including:
- Vegetable and fruit scraps
- Meat and bones
- Teabags and coffee grinds
- Dairy products
- Take away food (no containers).
All organic garden waste can be placed in this bin including:
- Grass clippings
- Pruning, cuttings, trimmings
- Twigs and sticks
- Palm fronds
Other items including:
- Animal droppings
- Kitty litter
- Paper towel
- Shredded Paper
- Paper products and cardboard with food oil on them (e.g. pizza boxes).
See a full list of what can go in each of your kerbside bins.
What will happen to the waste I put in my FOGO bin?
Everything that you put in your FOGO bin will be composted, so if it won’t rot or decompose it shouldn’t go in. If it didn’t live or grow, it’s not FOGO.
Please don’t put these items in your lime green lid FOGO bin:
- Plastic bags (e.g. bread bags, shopping bags or garbage bags)
- Plastic packaging (e.g. bubble wrap)
- Personal hygiene products
- Treated and painted timber
- Building products
- Plastic plant pots, garden hoses, seedling trays or garden tools - the only 'garden products' that can go in are things grown in the garden (green waste / garden organics).
Who will use the compost made from my FOGO waste?
Your lime green lid FOGO bin will be emptied every week on your bin collection day. Your FOGO waste will be taken to Red Hill Waste Management Facility for composting.
I already compost, use bokashi or have a worm farm at home, do I need a FOGO bin?
The Eastern Metropolitan Regional Council will investigate markets for the compost. This may include making it available to community members.
Can I opt out of FOGO?
We encourage you to keep using your compost, bokashi bin or worm farm. You can use your FOGO bin for things you can’t put in your home compost bin, like bones, meat and seafood. If you use bokashi, you can put the material from the bokashi bin into the FOGO lime green lid bin after it has composted.
When will I receive my kitchen caddy?
Residents will not have the option to opt out and the City encourages all to participate to the best of their ability. Residents are welcome to contact the City and discuss any concerns or restrictions that might inhibit you from participating in the new system.
How will I use my kitchen caddy?
Kitchen caddies will be delivered to each household when FOGO starts. There is no charge for the caddy. The caddy is a small bin to keep on your kitchen bench for collecting your food scraps. Each caddy will come with a supply of compostable liners (bags to put inside the caddy) and a set of instructions.
Where will I get more caddy liners?
The kitchen caddy is a small bin with a handle and a lid that can be used in the kitchen to help you collect your food scraps and transfer them into your lime green lid kerbside bin. We recommend keeping the caddy in a handy place, such as on your benchtop.
The caddy will come with a supply of compostable liners. To use, place a liner in the caddy and start placing food scraps inside it. When you are ready to empty it, take the liner and its contents out of the caddy, tie a knot at the top if you wish, and place the whole bag into your kerbside lime-green lid FOGO bin.
Using a compostable liner will reduce the need to wash the caddy to avoid any smells. However, you could also line your caddy with newspaper, or use it without a liner. If you choose not to use a liner you may like to wrap your food scraps in a few sheets of newspaper or place them in a cardboard takeaway container such as a pizza box.
Please only use bags that are certified compostable under Australian Standards.
If you want to help prevent food sticking to the bottom of you kerbside lime-green lid FOGO bin you could place some sheets of newspaper in the bottom of it.
Will my FOGO bin smell?
The liners you receive with your kitchen caddy should last a year. We will provide a list of places to collect more liners from closer to the FOGO start date.
If you choose to purchase your own liners, please look the symbol below. This indicates the product is certified compostable under Australian Standards and will break down during the composting process without leaving any toxic residue which could affect plants and earthworms. Compostable liners can be purchased at some hardware stores and supermarkets.
Can nappies go in the FOGO bin?
The FOGO bin will be collected weekly so it should not smell any more than your red lid general waste bin currently does.
Tips to reduce smells:
- Use the compostable caddy liners, or wrap your food scraps in newspaper before placing in the kerbside bin
- Store bins in the shade or out of direct sunlight
- Put layers of dry materials such as lawn clippings and shredded paper in between layers of kitchen waste to 'soak up' the smell
- Keep food scraps that tend to smell, such as fish bones, wrapped in newspaper in the freezer, until the night before bin collection
- Clean you bin with hot soapy water if required
- Sprinkle baking soda, kitty litter, vinegar, or clove oil into the bottom of the bin (when empty).
I don’t have a lime-green lid garden organics bin or my bin is damaged. What should I do?
No, disposable nappies should be placed in your red lid general waste bin - never in your lime-green lid FOGO bin or your yellow lid recycling bin.
To reduce odours from nappies, empty the solids from the nappy into the toilet first, and secure the nappy in a bag before placing it in your red-lid general waste bin. Alternatively, changing to cloth nappies can reduce the amount of waste your household produces while saving you money in the long term. The City of Bayswater will be providing a series of free cloth nappy workshops for the community, keep an eye on our website and Facebook page for dates.
What are the environmental benefits of FOGO?
You can request a replacement bin online here. If you need help requesting a bin please contact the City’s Waste Management team on 9272 0605.
Moving to a FOGO waste system will help reduce greenhouse gasses and save valuable space in landfill. When sent to landfill, organic waste breaks down in an oxygen-free environment and produces a harmful greenhouse gas called methane. Methane is 25 times more harmful as a greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide.
Under the FOGO system, food organics and garden organics are collected from households and processed in an oxygenated environment, which produces far less methane. The result is a high-quality compost product that allows the nutrients from your waste to be returned to the earth.