What is FOGO? Why are we moving to FOGO?
FOGO stands for Food Organics Garden Organics and refers to the weekly collection and processing of food scraps, organic garden material, and other compostable items such as animal droppings and paper products with food oil (ie, pizza boxes).
Right now, we have lime-green lidded garden organics (GO) kerbside bins for garden waste only. Once the FOGO waste system starts, you can place food organics (FO) and other compostable items into this bin, along with your garden waste. The contents will be turned into compost for use on our parks and gardens.
When will FOGO start?
The less we send to landfill, the better for our environment. Right now, as much as 50 per cent of what we throw in our red-lidded general waste bin is organic material that ends up in landfill. Under the FOGO system, we can divert this material from landfill and turn it into compost which can be used on farms and gardens.
FOGO has been identified as the preferred waste management approach by the State Government and local governments in the Perth and Peel region are moving to a FOGO system by 2025. The City's early adoption of FOGO is part of our ongoing commitment to reducing waste and mitigating our contribution to climate change.
Who will get a FOGO service?
The City’s Food Organics Garden Organics (FOGO) waste system will start from March 2021. We want to ensure a smooth transition for everyone - comprehensive information and help for all residents will be provided ahead of the March 2021 start date. No changes are needed until this time.
Will my bin collection days change?
If you already have a lime-green lidded garden organics bin for green waste, you will move to FOGO from March 2021. This includes single houses and grouped dwellings or villas with an existing kerbside collection. Sporting clubs, government housing and community groups with a bin collection service are also included in the transition.
If you live in a multi-unit development like a townhouse, apartment or unit with a shared onsite bulk bin collection, your FOGO service will be rolled out at a later date. The City will contact strata managers and caretakers of multi-unit developments to assess their waste management requirements and work with them on a case-by-case basis to roll out FOGO.
Will my bin sizes change?
When FOGO starts, you leave out two bins every week on the same day as now. Place your green-lidded FOGO bin out every week, and the other bins swap each week.
- FOGO bin (lime-green lid bin): weekly
- General waste bin (red lid bin): fortnightly
- Recycling bin (yellow lid): fortnightly.
Information, including an updated Waste & Recycling Guide, will be provided with a new kitchen caddy ahead of our March 2021 start date.
How much will the FOGO service cost me?
No. All three bins will stay the same 240 Litre size.
To ensure residents still have enough space for their general waste, the 240 litre red lid general waste bin will not be downsized to a 140 litre bin.
What can go in the FOGO lime-green lid bin?
There will be a cost of around $10 per household for the rollout of FOGO. This charge will be added to your waste service fee on your 2021-22 rates notice.
What can’t go in the FOGO lime-green lid bin?
Your FOGO bin will be for food organics, garden organics, and other compostable items. If it didn’t live or grow, it's not FOGO.
- Vegetable and fruit scraps
- Meat and bones
- Teabags and coffee grinds
- Dairy products
- Take away food (no containers).
- Grass clippings
- Pruning, cuttings, trimmings
- Twigs and sticks
- Palm fronds
Other compostable items, including:
- Animal droppings
- Kitty litter
- Paper products with food oil (e.g. pizza boxes).
What will happen to the waste I put in my FOGO lime-green lid bin?
Everything that you put in your FOGO bin will be composted, so if it won’t rot or decompose it shouldn’t go in. If it didn’t live or grow, it’s not FOGO.
Please don’t put these items in your FOGO lime-green lid bin:
- Products you currently put in your yellow lid recyling bin - this continues as is
- Plastic bags (e.g. bread bags, shopping bags or garbage bags)
- Plastic packaging (e.g. bubble wrap)
- Personal hygiene products
- Treated and painted timber
- Building products
- Plastic plant pots, garden hoses, seedling trays or garden tools - the only 'garden products' that can go in are things grown in the garden (green waste / garden organics).
Who will use the compost made from my FOGO waste?
Your FOGO lime-green lid bin will be emptied every week. The waste will be taken to Red Hill Waste Management Facility for processing into compost.
I already compost, use bokashi, or have a worm farm at home, do I need a FOGO lime-green lid bin?
Compost will be returned to the City for use on parks, gardens and by community members. The Eastern Metropolitan Regional Council is investigating other markets for the compost.
Can I opt out of using the FOGO system?
We encourage you to keep using your compost, bokashi bin or worm farm. You can use your FOGO lime-green lid bin for items you can’t put in your home compost bin, such as bones, meat and seafood. If you use bokashi, you can put the material from the bokashi bin into the FOGO lime-green lid bin after it has composted.
Will I receive any support tools to use the new FOGO system? (Kitchen caddy and liners)
No. The State Government requires all councils and residents in the Perth and Peel regions to adopt the FOGO waste system by 2025. Our early adoption of FOGO in March 2021 is part of our ongoing commitment to reducing waste and mitigating our contribution to climate change. We will provide plenty of support and information to all residents ahead of our start date to ensure a smooth transition. Please contact us if you have special circumstances.
Where will I get more kitchen caddy liners?
A free kitchen caddy, free compostable caddy liners and instructions will be delivered to each household just before FOGO starts in March 2021. The caddy is a counter-top style bin featuring a handle and lid to keep on your kitchen bench for collecting your food scraps, before transferring the liner and its contents to your lime-green lid kerbside FOGO bin. Using a compostable liner will reduce the need to wash the caddy. There will be no additional charge for this. You could also line your caddy with newspaper, any other bag that is certified compostable under Australian Standards, or use without any lining.
To help prevent food sticking to the bottom of your FOGO bin you could place sheets of newspaper at the bottom.
Will my FOGO lime-green lid bin smell?
The liners you receive with your kitchen caddy should last about one year.
If you choose to purchase your own liners, please ensure they feature the symbol below. This indicates the product is certified compostable under Australian Standards and will break down during the composting process without leaving any toxic residue which could affect plants and earthworms. Compostable liners can be purchased at some hardware stores and supermarkets.
Can nappies go in the FOGO lime-green lid bin?
Your FOGO lime-green lid bin will be collected weekly, so it should not smell any more than your red-lid general waste bin currently does.
Tips to reduce smells:
- Use the compostable caddy liners, or wrap your food scraps in newspaper before placing in the kerbside bin
- Store bins in the shade or out of direct sunlight
- Put layers of dry materials such as lawn clippings and shredded paper in between layers of kitchen waste to 'soak up' the smell
- Keep food scraps that tend to smell, such as fish bones, wrapped in newspaper in the freezer, until the night before bin collection
- Clean your bin with hot soapy water
- Sprinkle baking soda, kitty litter, vinegar, or clove oil into the bottom of the bin (when empty).
I don't have a lime-green lid bin, or my bin is damaged, what should I do?
No. Nappies should be placed in your red lid general waste bin only.
To reduce odours from nappies, empty the solids from the nappy into the toilet first, and secure the nappy in a bag before placing it in your red-lid general waste bin. Alternatively, changing to cloth nappies can reduce the amount of waste your household produces while saving you money in the long-term. We're hosting a series of free cloth nappy workshops for the community. Visit our Facebook and website for dates.
What are the environmental benefits of the FOGO system?
Please request a replacement bin online here or phone 9272 0605.
Moving to a FOGO waste system will help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and save valuable space in landfill. When sent to landfill, organic waste breaks down in an oxygen-free environment and produces a harmful greenhouse gas called methane. Methane is 25 times more harmful as a greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide.
Under the FOGO system, food organics, garden organics and other compostable items are collected from households and processed in an oxygenated environment, which produces far less methane. The result is a high-quality compost product that allows the nutrients from your waste to be returned to the earth.