What is FOGO? Why is the City of Bayswater moving to FOGO?
FOGO stands for Food Organics Garden Organics and refers to the weekly collection and processing of food scraps, organic garden material, and other compostable items such as animal droppings and paper products with food oil (ie, pizza boxes).
Right now, we have green-top garden organics (GO) kerbside bins in the City of Bayswater for garden waste only. Once the FOGO waste system starts, you will be able to place food organics (FO) and other compostable items in your green-top bin, along with your garden waste. The contents of this bin will be turned into nutrient-rich compost.
When will FOGO start?
The less we send to landfill, the better for our environment. Right now, as much as 50 per cent of what we throw in our red-top general waste bin is organic material that ends up in landfill. Under the FOGO system, we can divert this material from landfill and turn it into nutrient-rich compost which can be used on farms and gardens.
FOGO has been identified as the preferred waste management approach by the State Government and all local governments in the Perth and Peel region will move to a FOGO system by 2025. The City's early adoption of FOGO is part of our ongoing commitment to reducing waste and mitigating our contribution to climate change.
Who will get a FOGO service?
The City’s Food Organics Garden Organics (FOGO) waste system will start from February/March 2021. We want to ensure a smooth transition for everyone - comprehensive information and help for all residents will be provided ahead of the February/March 2021 start date. No changes are needed until this time.
Will my bin collection days change?
If you already have a green-top garden organics bin for green waste, you will move to FOGO from February/March 2021. This includes single houses and grouped dwellings or villas that have an existing kerbside collection. Sporting clubs and community groups will also be included in the transition.
If you live in a multi-unit development like a townhouse, apartment or unit with a shared onsite bulk bin collection, your FOGO service will be rolled out in the second phase. The City will contact strata managers and caretakers of multi-unit developments to assess their waste management requirements and work with them on a case-by-case basis to roll out FOGO.
Will my bin sizes change?
When FOGO starts, your bins will be collected:
- FOGO bin (green-top lid): weekly
- General waste bin (red-top lid): fortnightly
- Recycling bin (yellow-top lid): fortnightly.
Information, includig an updated waste & recycling guide, will be provided ahead of our February/March 2021 start date to help you transition to this schedule.
How much will the FOGO service cost me?
No. All three bins will stay the same 240 litre size.
To ensure residents still have enough space for their general waste, the 240 litre red lid general waste bin will not be downsized to a 140 litre bin.
What can go in the FOGO green-top bin?
There will be an initial cost of around $10.00 per household for the rollout of FOGO. This charge will be added to your waste service fee on your 2020-21 rates notice.
What can’t go in the FOGO green-top bin?
Your FOGO bin will be for food organics, garden organics, and other compostable items. If it didn’t live or grow, it's not FOGO.
- Vegetable and fruit scraps
- Meat and bones
- Teabags and coffee grinds
- Dairy products
- Take away food (no containers).
- Grass clippings
- Pruning, cuttings, trimmings
- Twigs and sticks
- Palm fronds
Other compostable items, including:
- Animal droppings
- Kitty litter
- Paper products with food oil (e.g. pizza boxes).
What will happen to the waste I put in my FOGO green-top bin?
Everything that you put in your FOGO bin will be composted, so if it won’t rot or decompose it shouldn’t go in. If it didn’t live or grow, it’s not FOGO.
Please don’t put these items in your FOGO green-top bin:
- Products you currently put in your yellow-top recyling bin - this continues as is
- Plastic bags (e.g. bread bags, shopping bags or garbage bags)
- Plastic packaging (e.g. bubble wrap)
- Personal hygiene products
- Treated and painted timber
- Building products
- Plastic plant pots, garden hoses, seedling trays or garden tools - the only 'garden products' that can go in are things grown in the garden (green waste / garden organics).
Who will use the compost made from my FOGO waste?
Your FOGO green-top bin will be emptied every week. The waste will be taken to Red Hill Waste Management Facility for composting.
I already compost, use bokashi, or have a worm farm at home, do I need a FOGO green-top bin?
The Eastern Metropolitan Regional Council will investigate markets for the compost. This may include making it available to community members.
Can I opt out of using the FOGO system?
We encourage you to keep using your compost, bokashi bin or worm farm. You can use your FOGO green-top bin for items you can’t put in your home compost bin, such as bones, meat and seafood. If you use bokashi, you can put the material from the bokashi bin into the FOGO green-top bin after it has composted.
Will I receive any support tools to use the new FOGO system? (Kitchen caddy and liners)
The State Government requires all councils and residents in the Perth and Peel regions to adopt the FOGO waste system by 2025. Our early adoption of FOGO in February/March 2021 is part of our ongoing commitment to reducing waste and mitigating our contribution to climate change. We will provide plenty of support and information to all residents ahead of our start date to ensure a smooth transition.
Where will I get more kitchen caddy liners?
A kitchen caddy, compostable caddy liners and instructions will be delivered to each household when FOGO starts. The caddy is a small bin featuring a handle and lid to keep on your kitchen bench for collecting your food scraps, before transferring the liner and its contents to your green-top kerbside bin. Using a compostable liner will reduce the need to wash the caddy. There will be no additional charge for this. You could also line your caddy with newspaper, any other bag that is certified compostable under Australian Standards, or use without any lining.
To help prevent food sticking to the bottom of your green-top bin you could place sheets of newspaper at the bottom.
Will my FOGO green-top bin smell?
The liners you receive with your kitchen caddy should last a year. We will provide a list of places to collect more liners from closer to the FOGO start date.
If you choose to purchase your own liners, please ensure they feature the symbol below. This indicates the product is certified compostable under Australian Standards and will break down during the composting process without leaving any toxic residue which could affect plants and earthworms. Compostable liners can be purchased at some hardware stores and supermarkets.
Can nappies go in the FOGO green-top bin?
Your FOGO green-top bin will be collected weekly, so it should not smell any more than your red-top general waste bin currently does.
Tips to reduce smells:
- Use the compostable caddy liners, or wrap your food scraps in newspaper before placing in the kerbside bin
- Store bins in the shade or out of direct sunlight
- Put layers of dry materials such as lawn clippings and shredded paper in between layers of kitchen waste to 'soak up' the smell
- Keep food scraps that tend to smell, such as fish bones, wrapped in newspaper in the freezer, until the night before bin collection
- Clean your bin with hot soapy water
- Sprinkle baking soda, kitty litter, vinegar, or clove oil into the bottom of the bin (when empty).
I don't have a green-top bin, or my bin is damaged, what should I do?
No. Nappies should be placed in your red-top general waste bin only.
To reduce odours from nappies, empty the solids from the nappy into the toilet first, and secure the nappy in a bag before placing it in your red-top general waste bin. Alternatively, changing to cloth nappies can reduce the amount of waste your household produces while saving you money in the long-term. The City of Bayswater will be providing a series of free cloth nappy workshops for the community, keep an eye on our website and Facebook page for dates.
What are the environmental benefits of the FOGO system?
You can request a replacement bin online here. If you need help requesting a bin please contact the City’s Waste Management team on 9272 0605.
Moving to a FOGO waste system will help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and save valuable space in landfill. When sent to landfill, organic waste breaks down in an oxygen-free environment and produces a harmful greenhouse gas called methane. Methane is 25 times more harmful as a greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide.
Under the FOGO system, food organics, garden organics and other compostable items are collected from households and processed in an oxygenated environment, which produces far less methane. The result is a high-quality compost product that allows the nutrients from your waste to be returned to the earth.