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Frequently Asked Questions

What is FOGO?

FOGO stands for Food Organics Garden Organics. It refers to the weekly collection and processing of food scraps, organic garden material, and other compostable items such as animal droppings and paper products with food oil (i.e., pizza boxes).

Right now, most of us have lime-green lid garden organics kerbside bins for garden waste only. Once the FOGO waste system starts, you can place food organics and other compostable items into this bin, along with your garden waste. The contents of your FOGO bin will be turned into compost, instead of being taken to landfill.

Why are we moving to FOGO?

The less we send to landfill, the better for our environment. Right now, up to half the contents of our red lid general waste bin is organic material that ends up in landfill. Under the FOGO system, we can divert this material from landfill and turn it into compost.

The WA State Government requires all local governments in Perth and Peel to move to FOGO by 2025. The City's early adoption of FOGO is part of our ongoing commitment to reduce waste and reduce greenhouse gases.

When will FOGO start?

We will deliver you a kitchen caddy from March 2021 to help you separate food waste in your kitchen. When you receive your new kitchen caddy, it's a signal that FOGO has started. No changes are needed until this time. To help ensure a smooth transition for everyone, your caddy will include a year's supply of compostable liners along with information, tips, stickers and fridge magnets.

To use your caddy, insert a provided compostable liner and start putting your kitchen scraps in there - vegetable peel, meat scraps, eggshells and the like. When full, tie the ends and place the bag in your lime-green lid kerbside bin for weekly collection on your normal bin day.  

Who will get a FOGO service?

If you already have a kerbside collection with wheelie bins, you will move to FOGO from March 2021. This includes single houses and grouped dwellings or villas, sporting clubs, community groups, and businesses.

If you live in a multi-unit development like a townhouse, apartment or unit with a shared onsite bulk bin collection, your FOGO service will start at a later date. The City will contact strata managers and caretakers of multi-unit developments to assess their waste management requirements and work with them on a case-by-case basis to provide a FOGO service. 

Phase 1

Commencing from March 2021

Phase 2

Date to be confirmed

Residents, groups and businesses who currently have a kerbside collection with wheelie bins.

Includes:

  • single houses
  • grouped dwellings or villas (with kerbside bins)
  • sporting clubs
  • community groups and
  • businesses.

Residents with a shared onsite bulk bin collection.

 

Includes:

residents in multi-unit developments such as townhouses, apartments or units (with shared onsite bulk bin collection).
Will my bin collection days change?

No, your collection day will stay the same. After you receive your kitchen caddy and start sorting your food waste, place your lime-green lid FOGO bin out every week. Your red lid general waste bin and yellow lid recycling bin will be collected fortnightly on alternate weeks.

  • FOGO bin (lime-green lid bin): weekly
  • General waste bin (red lid bin): fortnightly
  • Recycling bin (yellow lid bin): fortnightly.

Week One: FOGO bin and Recycling bin. Week Two: FOGO bin and general waste bin.

Click to find out when your bin collection day is.

Will my bin sizes change?

No. During the transition to FOGO all three of your kerbside bins will stay the same size - 240 Litres.

I don't have a lime-green lid bin, or my bin is damaged, what should I do?

To request rubbish bin repair or replacement, please contact us on 9272 0605 or email waste@bayswater.wa.gov.au If emailing, be sure to include: the street address (of the bin service), your phone number, which bin you would like repaired or replaced, and why (is it broken, missing etc.).

How much will the FOGO service cost me?

There will be a cost of approximately $10 per household per year for FOGO collection and processing. This charge will first be included in your waste service fee on your 2021-22 rates notice.

Can I opt out of using the FOGO system?

No. The State Government requires all councils and residents in the Perth and Peel regions to adopt the FOGO waste system by 2025. Our early adoption of FOGO from March 2021 is part of our ongoing commitment to reduce waste and greenhouse gases. We will provide plenty of support and information to all residents ahead of our start date to ensure a smooth transition. If you have special circumstances, please contact us on 9272 0964 or fogo@bayswater.wa.gov.au 

What can go in the FOGO lime-green lid bin?
What can go in your FOGO bin.

These items are acceptable in your FOGO bin:

 

All food organics including:

  • Vegetable and fruit scraps
  • Meat and bones
  • Seafood
  • Eggshells
  • Teabags and coffee grinds
  • Dairy products
  • Take away food (no containers).

 

Garden waste:

  • Grass clippings
  • Pruning, cuttings, trimmings
  • Twigs and sticks
  • Palm fronds
  • Weeds.

 

Other compostable items, including:

  • Animal droppings
  • Kitty litter
  • Hair
  • Paper products with food oil on them (e.g. pizza boxes)
  • Tissues, paper towel and shredded paper.

 

What can't go in the FOGO lime-green lid bin?

Everything that you put in your FOGO bin will be composted, so if it won’t rot or decompose it shouldn’t go in. If it didn’t live or grow, it’s not FOGO.

Please don’t put these items in your FOGO lime-green lid bin:

  • Products you currently put in your yellow lid recycling bin
  • Plastic bags (bread bags, shopping bags or garbage bags)
  • Plastic packaging (bubble wrap)
  • Nappies
  • Personal hygiene products
  • Treated and painted timber
  • Building products
  • Metals
  • Glass
  • Plastic plant pots, garden hoses, seedling trays or garden tools - the only 'garden products' that can go in, are things grown in the garden (green waste/garden organics)
  • Textiles (e.g. old clothing or cloth nappies).
What will happen to the waste I put in my FOGO bin?

Your lime-green lid FOGO bin will be emptied every week. The waste will be taken to Red Hill Waste Management Facility for processing into compost. The better you sort your waste in the kitchen, the better the quality of the resulting compost. Remember no glass, metal or plastics in your FOGO bin. Only use the compostable bags provided by the City in your caddy, or line it with newspaper.

Who will use the compost made from my FOGO waste?

The compost produced from the contents of your FOGO bins can be used back in our community, sold to farmers and industry, or for rehabilitating land.

The potential uses for the compost will depend on its final quality, so it's important to separate your waste as well as possible and keep plastic, glass and metal out of the FOGO bin.  Any non-organic items will contaminate the compost and affect the quality of the final product.

What are the environmental benefits of the FOGO system?

Moving to FOGO will help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and save valuable space in landfill. When sent to landfill, organic waste breaks down in an oxygen-free environment and produces a harmful greenhouse gas called methane. Methane is 25 times more harmful as a greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide.

Under the FOGO system, food organics, garden organics and other compostable items are collected from households and processed in an oxygenated environment, which produces far less methane. The result is compost that allows the nutrients from your waste to be returned to the earth.

I already compost, use bokashi or have a worm farm at home, do I need a FOGO lime-green lid bin?

You can continue to use your compost bin, bokashi bin or worm farm. You can use your FOGO bin for items you can’t put in your home compost bin such as bones, meat and seafood. If you use bokashi, you can put the material from the bokashi bin into the FOGO bin after it has composted (if you have nowhere to bury it).

When the FOGO service commences you will still be able to use your lime-green lid kerbside bin for garden waste, along with food waste, which will continue to be useful for residents with gardens.

When do I get my free kitchen caddy and how do I use it?

A free kitchen caddy, compostable caddy liners and instructions will be delivered to each eligible household from March 2021 (see 'Who will get a FOGO service?' above, to find out if this includes your household). The caddy is a counter-top style bin with a lid and handle, to keep on your kitchen bench for collecting your food scraps.

To use your caddy, insert a provided compostable liner and start collecting your kitchen scraps inside - vegetable peel, meat scraps, eggshells etc. After 2-3 days, or once the liner is full, tie a knot in the top to seal it and transfer the liner and its contents into your FOGO kerbside bin (lime-green lid). Put out the FOGO bin for weekly collection on your normal bin day. Visit this page to find out what day your bin is collected each week.

Using a compostable liner will reduce the need to wash the caddy.  You can also line your caddy with newspaper as this will break down in the composting process. You can continue to put garden waste into the lime-green lid kerbside bin, along with your food waste.

Where can I get more kitchen caddy liners?

The liners you receive with your kitchen caddy should last about one year.  The City will continue to supply compostable liners annually.  

If you choose to purchase your own liners, make sure they feature the symbol below. It indicates the product is certified compostable under Australian Standards and will break down during the composting process, without leaving any toxic residue which could affect plants and earthworms. Compostable liners can be purchased at some hardware stores and supermarkets.

You can also line your caddy with newspaper or a paper bag, as an alternative, as paper will break down in the composting process, along with your FOGO waste.

Certified compostable logo

Can I use a plastic bag, or bags marked 'degradable' or 'biodegradable' to line my kitchen caddy?

No. Plastic bags, including degradable and biodegradable bags, will contaminate the FOGO bin. These products are not compostable - they are essentially plastics that have the ability to decompose faster than the traditional plastic bag. They eventually break down into microplastics, which are very small pieces of plastic that pollute the environment.

Instead, place only bags marked as 'certified compostable' with the symbol shown below, in your lime-green lid FOGO bin. Or as an alternative, you can place food waste directly into the FOGO bin, or use paper towel or newspaper to line your kitchen caddy or to wrap food waste.

Certified compostable logo

How can I reduce any smell in my FOGO bin?

Tips to reduce smells:

  • Use the compostable caddy liners, or wrap your food scraps in newspaper before placing in the kerbside bin
  • Store bins in the shade or out of direct sunlight
  • Put your FOGO bin out for collection every week, even if it's not full
  • Put layers of dry materials such as lawn clippings and shredded paper in between layers of kitchen waste to absorb any smell
  • Keep food scraps that tend to smell, such as fish bones, wrapped in newspaper in the freezer, until the night before bin collection
  • Clean your bin with hot soapy water
  • Sprinkle baking soda, kitty litter (unused), vinegar or clove oil into the bottom of the bin (when empty).
Can nappies, continence pads and menstrual hygiene products go in the FOGO bin?

No. Nappies, continence pads and menstrual pads should be placed in your red lid general waste bin only (this includes both disposable and reusable nappies).

There are some simple measures you can take to minimise odour:

  • If possible, tip the contents of the nappy down the toilet before disposing
  • Wrap the nappy into itself using the tabs
  • Seal nappies tightly in plastic bags (you may try double bagging or using scented bags if you wish) before placing in the general waste bin
  • Store the red lid bin in the shade and out of direct sunlight if possible
  • Make sure your red lid bin lid closes properly and there are no cracks in the bin sides. If your bin is broken or cracked, contact Council to request a repair or replacement
  • You may consider using general odour neutralizing products in your red lid bin, including cat litter, crystals or bicarbonate of soda
  • Place some odour neutralising products in the foot of a stocking and hang it on the inside of the red lid bin, tying the stocking to the bin lid handle
  • Consider using modern cloth nappies or reusable pads and menstrual cups. For more information on modern cloth nappies visit Clean Cloth Nappies or the Australian Nappy Association
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